The over‐representation of young indigenous people intensifies at the most punitive end of the system: youth detention (Cunneen, 1997). The largest decrease in over-representation was in detention, where the rate ratio dropped from 28 to 24 over the period. Over-Representation of Indigenous People in the Justice System There exists an undeniable connection between the over-representation of Indigenous children and youth in care and the over-representation of Indigenous people in the justice system. For example, low income, which is one of the inter-generational effects of colonialism, slavery and racism in society, is a major driver of child welfare involvement for Indigenous and Black children. The over-representation of First Nations, Inuit and Métis Nation children in the child welfare system is a humanitarian crisis. It remains high, and the conditions that led to the signing of the first AJA remain as valid today as they were in 2000. Nationally, Indigenous people have increased from 20.9 per cent of all prisoners in 2004 to 27.4 per cent in 2014. Combatting Over-representation of Indigenous Youth in the Queensland Criminal Justice System through ‘Justice Reinvestment’ goals and which are evidenced based. In recent years, the Queensland Police Service (QPS) and Queensland courts have sought to rely on a range of 'diversionary' practices such as youth justice conferencing and cautioning as a response to the alarmingly high rates of over- representation of Indigenous youth in Queensland's criminal justice system. THE OVER-REPRESENTATION OF ABORIGINAL PEOPLE IN CUSTODY. Foreword | Indigenous over-representation in the justice system is a challenge facing Australian society. Over-representation of Indigenous youth in the juvenile justice system is a social justice issue which requires a substantial response. Justice reinvestment is such a response and it is something that I will continue to support in my term as Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Justice Commissioner. Indigenous over-representation in prisons grew under Liberal and Conservative governments before and after the proliferation of mandatory minimum sentences. Queensland legislation. At the Emergency Meeting on Child and Family Services held in January 2018, the Government of Canada committed to six points of action to address the over-representation of Indigenous children and youth in care in Canada. The over-representation of Indigenous Australians in prison is one of the most urgent human rights issues facing the country today, according to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Justice Commissioner Mick Gooda, as reported by the ABC.. Indigenous young people were 15 times as likely as non-Indigenous young people to be under supervision on an average day in 2010-11, down from 16 times as likely in 2006-07. In 2015, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children were: 6.7 times more likely than non-Indigenous children to be the subject of substantiated reports of abuse or risk of harm, 1 and; 9.5 times more likely than non-Indigenous children to be removed by child protection authorities. OVER-REPRESENTATION OF INDIGENOUS WOMEN IN AUSTRALIAN PRISONS: A CONSIDERATION OF THE CONTRIBUTING FACTORS INTRODUCTION Since the conclusion of the Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody (RCIADIC) in 1991 there has been a significant rise in the prison population of Indigenous peoples in Australia. The memo said all of its individual investigations had uncovered a “concerning trend” in over-policing of Indigenous Australians. In Manitoba, the problem is even more severe, with over 80 percent of youth incarcerations from the same period being First Nations youth. Constitutionally, while criminal law is a federal responsibility, the administration of justice is a provincial-territorial responsibility. Similar to other wealthy countries with colonised indigenous populations, Australia's indigenous children, those of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander descent, are seriously over‐represented in the child welfare system. The report emphasises that the over-representation of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children in out-of-home care (OOHC) has continued to grow since the release of the first Family Matters report in 2016. We discuss how that happens in this chapter. More is necessary. Cindy Blackstock, Muriel Bamblett, Carlina Black - Child Abuse & Neglect. Big Sky bosses at ABC have responded after being criticised by the Global Indigenous Council and the Coushatta Tribe of Louisiana over Indigenous representation Database searches show that the use of concepts of systemic bias or systemic discrimination are far more frequent in the Australian literature in discussions of gender, sexuality, hate crime and the law. An examination of each of these decisions suggests that the way that decisions are made within the justice system discriminates against Aboriginal people at virtually every point. 2 The over-representation of Indigenous people in the criminal justice system is a large problem in society and reasons as to why this may be occurring need to be examined (Walker & McDonald, 1995; AIC, 2013). First Nations, Inuit and Métis Nation children make up 7.7% of the population under 15, but represent 52.2% of children in foster care in private homes. Even the United […] HOW DISADVANTAGE AND INEQUALITY IS CONTRIBUTING TO . 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